123: Does Young People’s Tendency to Experience Risks Reach Across the Online/Offline Divide?

Dr Anke Görzig and the EU Kids Online UK Team (LSE) (November 2015) 

A summary of the results of a large scale study examining whether online and offline risk experiences: a) are behaviourally distinct, b) share the same common underlying propensity to experience risks, or c) both – show a mixture of joint and distinct properties. Data came from the LSE EU Kids Online study (www.eukidsonline.net), a random sample of 25,000 Internet-using children aged 9-16 across 25 European countries. For ethical reasons answers from 11-16 year olds only were used for this study, resulting in a sample of 19,406 (50% girls).

115: Net Aware Report 2017: “Freedom to Express Myself Safely”

NSPCC (Sept 2017) 

A summary of the results of a large scale study examining the opportunities and risks experienced by young people in their online lives. The sample consisted of 1,696 11–18 year olds who were engaged through schools across the UK and Childline’s engagement platforms (e.g., Facebook). Young people were asked to complete a survey about their online behaviour and knowledge around online safety, as well as to conduct detailed reviews of specific platforms. Data collection ran from December 2016 to February 2017. The NSPCC and O2 also consulted with 674 parents and carers through the research firm, YouGov.

114: The Impact of Online Pornography on Children and Young People

Dr Elena Martellozzo and Dr Miranda A.H. Horvath, Middlesex University (June 2017) 

A summary of the results of a large scale, multimethod research project examining the experiences and perceptions of online pornography of young people aged 11-16 in the UK.  The first phase of the project involved an online discussion forum and 4 online focus groups segregated by age with 34 young people to inform the design of the survey. The second phase consisted of an online survey with 1001 young people. In the final stage, 6 online focus groups segregated by age and gender were conducted with 40 young people to provide more in-depth information about elements of the online survey findings. The sample was representative of the four nations of the UK. The project was commissioned by the NSPCC and the Children’s Commissioner (OCC).

112: Self-Produced Images – Risk Taking Online (SPIRTO) Project

Dr Ethel Quayle et al (July 2015) 

The EU funded SPIRTO Project examined the risks related to young people generating and sharing sexual content (or ‘sexting’) in Sweden, Germany and the UK. It used a mixed method approach which included analysis of anonymised archival data to examine the prevalence of self-taken images in the Child Exploitation Image Database (ICSE-DB). Qualitative interviews (N = 51) were also undertaken exploring the experiences of young people who had sent or posted self-produced images when aged under 18. The final phase involved the development and evaluation of short, animated films based on the results of the project. 

110: Adolescents and Self-Taken Sexual Images: A Review of the Literature

Dr Ethel Quayle & Dr Karen Cooper (University of Edinburgh, UK), Prof Carl-Göran Svedin & Dr Linda Jonsson (Linköping University, Sweden) (Aug 2016) 

A summary of the results of a systematic review of the literature relating to sexting behaviours among young people aged under 25 across nine interdisciplinary databases (e.g., psychology, sociology, health, media studies and education). The review examined young people’s experiences of sending (rather than receiving or viewing) nude or nearly nude pictures or images via a mobile or online, as well as related risks and consequences. 

109: Cyberbullying Involvement Roles and Viewing of Suicide-Related Web-Content

Dr. Anke Görzig (Aug 2016) 

An overview of the results of a study investigating the relationships between cyberbullying roles, viewing of specific suicide-related web content, and psychological problems in young people. Data from a representative sample of N = 19,406 (50% girls) 11–16-year-olds across 25 European countries were analysed. This was collected as part of the EU Kids Online Study.

105: A Review of the Research on Children and Young People who Display Harmful Sexual Behaviour Online

NSPCC (Nov 2016) 

A summary of the results of a systematic literature review examining the developmental appropriateness of children and young people accessing indecent images of children (IIOC), and the associated characteristics of those who engage in the behaviour. Research published between 2000 and 2015 across five different research platforms was identified using predefined search terms. The review focused primarily on research with children and young people, but findings from systematic reviews and meta-analyses of research with adults were also included for comparison. 

103: Sexual Rights and Sexual Risks among Youth Online: A Review of Existing Knowledge Regarding Children and Young People’s Developing Sexuality in Relation to New Media Environments

eNACSO & EU Kids Online (Nov 2016)

This report reviews available research literature from a diverse group of stakeholders and experts. 27 database searches were conducted which focused on literature relevant to 10- to 17-year-olds that included general risks and opportunities with sexual experiences online, accessing sex education and sexual health information. Inclusion criteria included: research published in the last decade (2005-15), available in the English language, any research methodology, and studies focused on children aged 10 to 17. Ultimately 150 articles were critically reviewed and included in the findings.

101: Youth Pathways into Cybercrime

Centre for Abuse and Trauma Studies (CATS), Middlesex University (Nov 2016) 

A summary of the results of a two phase research project examining youth pathways into cybercrime. The first phase involved a multidisciplinary literature review, and the second focused on stakeholder interviews with 10 participants from a range of sectors (e.g., education, law enforcement, computer sciences). The research identified a number of characteristics of young people who engage in cybercriminal activity, and makes a number of recommendations related to professional practice and prevention. 

100: ISEC Project Illegal Use of the Internet Project: Cyber-typologies and Victimisation

Centre for Abuse and Trauma Studies (CATS), Middlesex University (Nov 2016) 

A summary of the results of a retrospective online questionnaire study conducted by the ISEC Project to examine the vulnerability characteristics, online behaviours and experiences of sexual solicitation of young people. The sample consisted of 1166 young adults between the ages of 18 and 24 from three countries (United Kingdom, N = 340; Ireland, N = 529; Italy, N = 297) who answered questions about their offline lives, online behaviours and experiences when aged 12-16. The majority of the sample (70%) were in education at the time of responding, and 71.1% of respondents were female.