140: Inequalities in How Parents Support Their Children’s Development with Digital Technologies. Parenting for a Digital Future: Survey Report 4

Sonia Livingstone and Dongmiao Zhang (London School of Economics and Political Science) (February, 2019)

An overview of the key findings relating to the possible digital inequalities between more and less societally advantaged groups, focusing on gender, ethnicity, socioeconomic status (SES), parental education, family composition, as well as special educational needs (SEN) and disabilities. A nationally representative survey was carried out of 2,032 parents of children aged 0-17. Participants were recruited via an online panel, supplemented with a sample of low or non-internet users interviewed in-person. Participants were representative by region across the UK, representative by ethnic background, socio-economic status (SES), gender, and inclusion of parents with low or no internet use. The data were collected in 2017.

139: What Do Parents Think and Do About Their Children’s Online Privacy? Parenting for a Digital Future: Survey Report 3

Sonia Livingstone, Alicia Blum-Ross and Dongmiao Zhang (London School of Economics and Political Science) (February, 2019)

A summary of the key results relating to how UK parents view their own and their children’s digital privacy, sharing images of their children online, and how they negotiate new norms about parents’ roles in supporting their child’s safety and fostering their independence online. A nationally representative survey was carried out of 2,032 parents of children aged 0-17. Participants were recruited via an online panel, supplemented with a sample of low or non-internet users interviewed in-person. Participants were representative by region across the UK, representative by ethnic background, socio-economic status (SES), gender, and inclusion of parents with low or no internet use. The data were collected in 2017.

138: When Do Parents Think Their Child is Ready to Use the Internet Independently? Parenting for a Digital Future: Survey Report 2

Sonia Livingstone (London School of Economics and Political Science) and Kjartan Ólafsson (University of Akureyri) (February, 2019)

An overview of the results of a study exploring the age at which parents think their children need to ask for consent, and the age at which children can manage their own data privacy. This is related to the implementation of the General Data Protection Regulation in May 2018. A nationally representative survey was carried out of 2,032 parents of children aged 0-17. Participants were recruited via an online panel, supplemented with a sample of low or non-internet users interviewed in-person. Participants were representative by region across the UK, representative by ethnic background, socio-economic status (SES), gender, and inclusion of parents with low or no internet use. The data were collected in 2017.

137: In the Digital Home How Do Parents Support their Children and Who Supports Them? Parenting for a Digital Future: Survey Report 1

Sonia Livingstone, Alicia Blum-Ross and colleagues (London School of Economics and Political Science) (February, 2019)

A summary of the key results from a study exploring parents’ values, skills and attitudes towards digital media use in their own lives, and how these influence their expectations for, and management of, digital media and dilemmas in the lives of their children. It also considered how policymakers might better reach parents with guidance on digital matters. A nationally representative survey was carried out of 2,032 parents of children aged 0-17. Participants were recruited via an online panel, supplemented with a sample of low or non-internet users interviewed in-person. Participants were representative by region across the UK, representative by ethnic background, socio-economic status (SES), gender, and inclusion of parents with low or no internet use. The data were collected in 2017. 

136: The Trouble with “Screen Time” Rules

Alicia Blum-Ross and Sonia Livingstone (London School of Economics and Political Science) (February, 2019)

An overview of the results of a qualitative study examining and critiquing the widely influential American Academy of Pediatrics’ (AAP) “screen time” guidelines (issued in 1999 and updated in 2016) through an exploration of whether the screen time rules and guidelines match up with reports of parents’ on-the-ground practices. Face-to-face interviews were carried out with 73 families in London, UK. The research balanced a purposive sample of parents for whom the digital offered something distinctive with others whom we recruited as a cross-section of families by age of child (from birth to 17), ethnicity and socio-economic status.

134: Rules of Engagement: Family Rules on Young Children’s Access to and Use of Technologies

Stephane Chaudron (European Commission) and colleagues (February, 2019)

A summary of the results of a project examining young children’s access to and use of digital technologies, as well as how parents mediated this use. The project involved seven countries: Belgium, Czech Republic, Finland, Germany, Italy, Russia and the United Kingdom. In each country, interviews and observations were undertaken with ten families in their homes, each with a child aged between 6 and 7. Families had at least one child who used a digital technology at least once a week. Each national sample was constituted to provide variety in the use of digital technology and family structures. Data were analysed using a thematic approach based on grounded theory in that an inductive approach was employed.

122: Maximising Opportunities and Minimising Risks for Children Online: The Role of Digital Skills in Emerging Strategies of Parental Mediation

Sonia Livingstone, Kjartan Ólafsson, Ellen Helsper, Francisco Lupiáñez-Villanueva, Giuseppe Veltri and Frans Folkvord (Nov 2017)

A summary of the results of a large-scale survey exploring parental beliefs, concerns and actions in relation to parent and child online skills, risks and opportunities, and parental mediation. The survey questioned European parents aged 25-65 with children aged 6-14 living in their household and under their responsibility or care in France, Germany, the Netherlands, Spain, Poland, Italy, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. 800 interviews were conducted per country (N=6,400). Quota sampling was used with random sampling within age quotas (25-34, 35-49, and 50-64) to ensure a representative sample.

117: House of Lords: Growing Up with the Internet

House of Lords (Nov 2017)

A summary of the key findings and recommendations of the inquiry by the House of Lords’ Select Committee on Communications during 2016-17. It considered what skills children might need and the impact of the internet on children’s development, wellbeing and mental health. It also examined the rights children enjoy online, and what impediments there are to these. Evidence was gathered by a public call for evidence (written and oral), consulting a broad group of stakeholders and the views of young people.

116: Children’s Online Activities, Risks and Safety: A Literature Review by the UKCCIS Evidence Group

Professor Sonia Livingstone, Professor Julia Davidson and Dr Jo Bryce, with Saqba Batool, Ciaran Haughton, Anulekha Nandi, and the UKCCIS Evidence Group (Nov 2017)

A summary of the main findings of a literature review identifying trends, recent developments and emerging issues related to online risk of harm to children. The report examines implications for safety policy and practice using key results of recent qualitative and quantitative research. The review drew on the UKCCIS Research Highlights Series and the research reports they summarise, a call for evidence circulated during February 2017 to UKCCIS members and other experts, keyword searches of academic and grey literatures, as well as research reports and publications already known to the authors.

107: Ofcom Children and Parents: Media Use and Attitudes - Focus on Critical Understanding, Attitudes & Parental Controls

Ofcom (Nov 2016) 

A summary of the results of the Ofcom Children’s Media Literacy Tracker, a large-scale quantitative survey based on in-home interviews with children aged 5-15 and their parents/carers, and with parents/carers of children aged 3-4. A sample of 2,059 parents and children were interviewed between April and June 2016. This Research highlights presents results related to children’s critical understanding, attitudes and parental mediation.