Dr Elena Martellozzo and Dr Miranda A.H. Horvath, Middlesex University (June 2017)
A summary of the results of a large scale, multimethod research project examining the experiences and perceptions of online pornography of young people aged 11-16 in the UK. The first phase of the project involved an online discussion forum and 4 online focus groups segregated by age with 34 young people to inform the design of the survey. The second phase consisted of an online survey with 1001 young people. In the final stage, 6 online focus groups segregated by age and gender were conducted with 40 young people to provide more in-depth information about elements of the online survey findings. The sample was representative of the four nations of the UK. The project was commissioned by the NSPCC and the Children’s Commissioner (OCC).
A summary of the results of a systematic literature review examining the developmental appropriateness of children and young people accessing indecent images of children (IIOC), and the associated characteristics of those who engage in the behaviour. Research published between 2000 and 2015 across five different research platforms was identified using predefined search terms. The review focused primarily on research with children and young people, but findings from systematic reviews and meta-analyses of research with adults were also included for comparison.
This report reviews available research literature from a diverse group of stakeholders and experts. 27 database searches were conducted which focused on literature relevant to 10- to 17-year-olds that included general risks and opportunities with sexual experiences online, accessing sex education and sexual health information. Inclusion criteria included: research published in the last decade (2005-15), available in the English language, any research methodology, and studies focused on children aged 10 to 17. Ultimately 150 articles were critically reviewed and included in the findings.
Middlesex University and the Office of the Children's Commissioner (May 2014)
A summary of the results of the Rapid Evidence Assessment (REA) undertaken by Middlesex University for the Office of the Children’s Commissioner (OCC) focusing on the effects of exposure and access to pornography on children and young people. It drew on research evidence published between January 1983 and January 2013, and considered 276 academic and other items.
Lund University, Sweden & University of New Hampshire, USA (May 2015)
A summary of the results of the large scale and nationally representative Third Youth Internet Safety Survey (YISS-3) undertaken in the USA between August, 2010 and January, 2011. The study aimed to quantify youth experiences with unwanted sexual solicitations, harassment and unwanted exposure to pornography online. The sample consisted of 1,560 Internet users aged 10-17 and their caretakers. The results presented are based on data from those participants who reported unwanted Internet experiences (e.g., sexual solicitation, online harassment, unwanted exposure to pornography) and who answered follow-up questions about whether they had told someone about the experience (n = 134, n = 174 and n = 346 respectively) or how the situation ended (n = 134, n = 170 and n = 348 respectively).
EU Kids Online and LSE (Feb 2013)
A summary of the results of the analysis of 9,636 responses to the open-ended question: “What things on the internet would bother people about your age?” asked by the EU Kids Online questionnaire. This large-scale quantitative survey was administered face-to-face at home to a random stratified sample of 25,142 children aged 9-16 who use the internet, plus one of their parents, during Spring/Summer 2010 in 25 European countries.