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Research Highlight Series

152: School-based Prevention for Adolescent Internet Addiction: Prevention is the Key. A Systematic Literature Review

Dr. Melina Throuvala, Prof. Mark Griffiths, Dr. Mike Rennoldson and Dr. Daria Kuss, Cyberpsychology Research Group, Nottingham Trent University (June 2021)


A summary of the results of a systematic literature review examining adolescent school-based prevention interventions for Internet and gaming addiction. The main inclusion criteria were: (i) all journal papers – referring to published protocols of preventive interventions, even if not accompanied by an evaluation, as well as any type of quantitative and qualitative evaluation of effectiveness; (ii) studies targeting adolescents, aged 11-17 years in a school environment; (iii) studies with publication dates between 2007-2017; (iv) full-text studies published in English, German, Spanish and Greek language (the native languages of the co-authors); and (iv) studies targeting multiple risk behaviours (i.e., drugs, alcohol), where IA was included as one of the targeted behaviours.

151: Increasing Safety and the Resilience of Children at Risk of Technology-assisted Child Sexual Abuse: Implementation Evaluation for InCtrl

NSPCC Research and Evidence (November 2020) 

A summary of the results of evaluation of the NSPCC InCtrl programme. This is a preventative service that aims to support children to safely enjoy online life by increasing safe online behaviours and digital resilience. The implementation evaluation examined (1) the feasibility of the pilot service, (2) whether the theory of change for InCtrl is evidenced, and (3) the factors that were barriers and facilitators to service delivery. Using mixed methods, the evaluation included analysis of case record data for 162 children referred to InCtrl during the pilot; two online surveys completed by practitioners; and 32 qualitative interviews and focus groups held with children, parents/carers and NSPCC staff.

150: Ofcom Adults’ Media Use and Attitudes – Highlights from Ofcom’s 2020 Research

Critical Research/The Knowledge Agency/Ofcom (June 2020)

A summary of the results of the Ofcom Adults’ Media Literacy Tracker, a large-scale quantitative survey on media use, attitudes and understanding based on in-home interviews with adults aged 16+ (N=1,883), conducted between September-November 2019. The report also draws on our qualitative Adult’s Media Lives research, a longitudinal ethnographic study following largely the same 19 adults to provide in-depth insight into the role of media in their day-to-day lives.

149: Ofcom Children and Parents: Media Use and Attitudes – Highlights from Ofcom’s 2019 Research

Critical Research/Ofcom (February 2020)

A summary of the results of the Ofcom Children’s Media Literacy Tracker, a large-scale quantitative survey based on in-home interviews with children aged 5-15 and their parents/carers, and with parents/carers of children aged 3-4 (N=3,243), conducted between April-July 2019. The report also draws on Ofcom’s News Consumption Study, whereby 1,000 12-15-year olds were interviewed online in two waves: November/December 2018 and March/April 2019. Insights from our qualitative Children’s Media Lives study are also included, which follows 18 children aged 8-15; and data from audience measurement body, BARB.

148: Police response to youth offending around the generation and distribution of indecent images of children and its implications

Professor Andy Phippen, University of Bournemouth and Professor Emma Bond, University of Suffolk (2020).

A summary of a study exploring the arrest and crime recording of minors in the UK for the generation or distribution of indecent images of children, under the 1978 Protection of Children Act. A series of FOIA requests were sent to UK police forces asking for figures on the volume of arrests of minors under Home Office crime code 86/2, and also the number of outcome 21 recordings made against minors related to image offences, since December 2016. 30 police forces sent responses and the data were collated for the two categories (Home Office Crime code 86/2 and outcome 21) over the specified time period. Trends in the data were examined.